Statistics play a prominent role in supporting or refuting the ideas and information provided by the researcher. Therefore, there has become a relentless pursuit to support any idea or put forward statistics from reality. Sometimes researchers and research centers seek to obtain their own statistics by conducting surveys, surveys, and interviews. and private questionnaires, but this is not always available, so the majority resort to using statistics and information collected and organized by other parties, and below we will present to you some of the most important bodies that issue statistics periodically, and they can be used by researchers and the general public.
Before any database or website from which data and statistics can be obtained, we must talk about the data search portal created by Google (Google Dataset Search), which brings together hundreds of thousands of repositories that collect data and statistics. They can be searched in any language, and through simple keywords. As is the case on the general Google page, this service is constantly fed new data whenever you enter new data that can be obtained, and you can specify the search locations and time period, and the rest of the details. Mostly, you will find all the data repositories that will be mentioned later included in this service for Google.
It is a data service on the Internet under the name “UNdata.” It aims to make international statistical databases accessible to users through a single entry point. Users can search and download a variety of statistical resources compiled by the United Nations Statistical System (UN) and other international agencies. The numerous bases or tables, own collectively as “d”datamarts, contain more than 60 million data points, nd cover a wide range of statistical topics, including agriculture, crime, communication, development assistance, education, energy, environment, finance, gender, health, labor market, manufacturing, national accounts, population, migration, science and technology, tourism, transport, and trade.
The World Bank owns a large set of data and statistics, especially economic ones, whether it comes to individual countries or all over the world, and most importantly, it provides access to these data for free, in different languages, including Arabic.
The International Monetary Fund, along with the World Bank, is considered the two most important governmental institutions in the global economy, and from them they are also among the most important institutions that own global and national statistics about countries in the world. .
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization that works to develop better policies for a better life. Our goal is to craft policies that promote prosperity, equality, and opportunity for all. It brings together developed countries, especially western ones. It works to find solutions to a range of social, economic and environmental challenges. From improving economic performance and creating job opportunities to promoting robust education and combating international tax evasion, it is an important place for obtaining data and analysis, exchanging experiences, providing advice on public policy and setting international standards.
The World Economic Forum is an international non-governmental organization that works to create more cooperation between the sector and the private sector, and therefore it is concerned with many economic, political, social and environmental issues, which can affect the development of the private sector and impede its cooperation with government agencies, and for this this organization has a large number of the data which is available via its website.
The Mo Ibrahim Foundation, the Sudanese businessman, provides data and statistics on the economy, governance, corruption and all aspects of public life in African countries. Therefore, every researcher in African affairs, this site is one of the most important sites where he obtains statistics and data about Africa.
The company collects data, studies, and images on about 170 industrial sectors from 150 countries, is headquartered in Hamburg, Germany, but has branches in many countries, with more than 1,000 expert professionals dealing with more than 80,000 topics, and draws its data from about 22,500 sources, providing representative data, graphs, and images. It also researches, analyzes, and provides advice on the business field, the main specialization of the platform.
The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) is an online data visualization and distribution platform focused on the geography and dynamics of economic activities. The OEC integrates and distributes data from a variety of sources to empower analysts in the private sector, public sector, and academia.
The OEC is currently designed and developed by Datawheel, but it began as a research project at MIT’s Collective Learning group (former Macro Connections Group). The OEC was the Master Thesis of Alex Simoes (2012), directed by Professor Cesar A. Hidalgo.
In 2012 the OEC was spun out of MIT as an open source project. The OEC was refined throughout the years, expanding its technical and analytical capacities.
The 5.0 version of OEC was launched in the summer of 2021, bringing subnational data from regions and provinces from over 20 major countries. This new version also gives users the ability to pay for both pro and premium subscription. The pro subscription includes access to a rich data explorer as well as the API for programmatic data access while the premium tier gives users the ability to download any of the 20+ subnational datasets newly added to the OEC.
The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED) is a disaggregated data collection, analysis, and crisis mapping project. ACLED codes the dates, actors, locations, fatalities, and types of all reported political violence and demonstration events around the world in real time. As of early 2022, ACLED has recorded a total of more than 1.3 million individual events globally.
Since 2014, ACLED has operated as a US 501(c)(3) non-profit organization incorporated in Wisconsin. Data are collected and analyzed by teams of researchers based around the world. ACLED is led by founder and Executive Director Prof. Clionadh Raleigh, a Professor of Political Violence and Geography at the University of Sussex, and operated by Director of Research & Innovation Dr. Roudabeh Kishi and Director of Programs & Operations Olivia Russell.
In 2005, ACLED began as a component of Prof. Raleigh’s PhD work, with a focus on African states. She developed the idea while on a fellowship at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). Initial data collection covered six Central African states and three West African states. In 2008, while Prof. Raleigh was employed at Trinity College, Dublin, ACLED expanded to cover the 50 least developed countries, with a concentration on African states. This led to the first version of the data in 2009 (pilot), which was tested with ground-truthing methods in 2010. Subsequently, Version 2 was released in 2011, Version 3 in 2012, and Version 4 in 2013. Each version extended and revised collections of political violence and protest data in African states. New additions – including remote violence, and revised terminology – were added in Versions 5, 6, and 7. Version 8 expanded to include 14 states in South and Southeast Asia as well as 15 in the Middle East, and was released in early 2018. This release brought the total number of countries covered to 79.
Following the release of Version 8, and encouraged by a partnership with The University of Texas at Austin, ACLED transitioned to a dynamic project that collects data in real time and releases updates on a weekly basis. In 2019, ACLED introduced new event and sub-event types to improve the project’s core methodology. By 2020, the project expanded geographic coverage to Europe, Central Asia and the Caucasus, East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the United States. In 2022, ACLED completed a final geographic expansion to Canada, Oceania, Antarctica, and all remaining small states and territories. ACLED currently collects real-time data on political violence and demonstration activity across the entire world.
OurWorldinData.org, in cooperation with the United Nations Sustainable Development website (SDG-Tracker), is an effort that researchers from the University of Oxford, who are the scientific editors of the website’s content, contribute to in collaboration with the non-profit organization Global Change Data Lab, which publishes and maintains the website and data tools that make business possible.
The site is concerned with the major problems that the world suffers from, such as poverty, disease, hunger, climate change, inequality, and all the issues that the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals program is concerned with. The platform tries to present data to the public in order to understand more about the problems of the world, including trying to devise ways to address them, and aims to change the world for the better. The platform relies on the work of others and volunteers to publish its data in order to build an infrastructure and make research easy, understandable, and accessible to everyone.
Government Statistics Bases
All governments in the world seek to make their public data available on the Internet, and this is the open government project encouraged by the United Nations, which is considered one of the main pillars in building an honest and transparent government and to make the citizen aware of all government data within the framework of free access to information. The following are some websites open government data for some countries: